Dry calluses are called formations that occur on the skin due to the death and coarsening of its particles. Most often they appear on the soles of the feet, palms or fingers of the lower and upper extremities.This is a rather unpleasant and painful growth, which, moreover, can be a sign of certain diseases.
Pollinosis is one of the varieties of allergic pathologies, which often manifests itself during the period of active flowering of plants, shrubs and other representatives of the flora. “Hay fever” has no age limit, but it has been proven that it is mostly women who live in the city. Lack of treatment is fraught with serious consequences, since pollinosis is able to turn into bronchial asthma.
Melanoma is a malignant skin tumor consisting of melanocytes (melanin-producing pigment cells). The disease is characterized by an aggressive, unpredictable and changeable course. Most often, melanoma is detected on the skin, less often - on the mucous membranes of different parts of the face and body. It is one of the most dangerous, life-threatening malignant tumors.
Diaper rash is an inflammatory disease of the skin that has a bacterial, viral or fungal etiology. In men, pathology is often caused by skin irritation, prolonged stay of urine and sweat on the surface of the epidermis, and friction. At the first stage, the disease is easily treated, and with the right approach, it passes after 2 days.
Peeling of the skin - a very common symptom indicating its defeat. Often such a deviation is associated with impaired regenerative processes, or with diseases such as allergic reactions, fungal skin lesions, psoriasis, ichthyosis, vitamin deficiency. Not less often, peeling of the facial epidermis occurs due to the influence of various external or physiological factors.
Perioral dermatitis is a chronic dermatological disease characterized by lesions of the skin around the mouth with the appearance of grouped or single papules on a hyperemic or ordinary epidermis. Translated from Latin, the term literally means "around the mouth." For a long time, the disease was referred to as seborrhea, and was called a photosensitive seboride.
Yellowing of the nail plate is a symptom that should make a person wary, because often he signals serious problems with the health of the body. In addition, this defect causes discomfort from an aesthetic point of view. Yellowed nails can cause others to unpleasant associations, or even condemnation for the person's unwillingness to follow the cleanliness of his own body, which is a repulsive effect even on people he knows.
Atheroma is a cystic neoplasm localized in the skin of the sebaceous gland. Developed due to violations of the outflow of its secret of the gland, which, in turn, may be caused by blockage of the duct. Gradually, the secret begins to accumulate in the duct of the sebaceous gland, stretching it and forming a cavity, which gradually increases in size.
Dermatitis is a skin inflammatory disease that manifests itself under the influence of predisposing factors - biological, chemical or physical. The contact form of a dermatological disease is caused by the ingress of a powerful allergen to the surface of the epidermis of the hands. This is the most common type of dermatitis.
Furunculosis is a dermatological disease, accompanied by the formation of ulcers on the skin. The disease affects the deep layers of the skin, and is caused mainly by staphylococcal infection. The fact that the focus of the pathological process is located rather deeply gives grounds to say that after suffering furunculosis, scars may appear at the site of localization of pustular formations.
Pyoderma is an infectious dermatological disease that requires prolonged treatment (depending on the depth of the skin lesion). In the absence of a therapeutic effect on the foci of the disease, the pathology is capable of turning into a chronic stage of development, fraught with disability. Often the causative agents of the disease are streptococci or staphylococcus.
Plantar warts (prickles, plantar warts) are benign neoplasms caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They arise mainly in young people and do not pose a particular danger, since the degree of their oncogenicity is too low. But, nevertheless, to remove growths, it is better to consult a dermatologist.
Warts are tumors of a viral nature, they can form anywhere on a person’s skin, but their most common localization is hands, soles of the feet, face, neck. It is proved that the cause of the appearance of warts is HPV, human papillomavirus, which has more than 100 species, many of which contribute to the malignancy of tumors.
Scabies is a parasitic skin infection, characterized by lesions of the skin with scabies, mites or itching (Sarcoptes scabiei). The tick-pathogen is distinguishable to the naked eye (upon close examination) as a dot, white or yellowish, no larger than a poppy seed. The high contagiousness of scabies in humans is due to a short period of time during which a scabies mite is able to penetrate the skin of humans.
Rosacea is a chronic ailment that affects the skin in the form of persistent acne, ulcers, and other rashes. Along with the rash, reddening of the skin can be observed at the lesions. Most often, the disease begins in the third or fourth decade of life and reaches its heyday between 40 and 50 years. It has been noted that women suffer more from rosacea - about 60% of all patients, although hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands and connective tissue (tissue structures located in the lower layers of the skin - in the dermis), which lead to one of the complications of the disease - rhinophyma .
Cheilitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane and skin of the lips. Symptoms of the disease can be observed not only on the lips, but also on the surrounding skin, as well as in the mouth, on the mucous membrane lining the lips on the inside. Cheilitis is a very common, unpleasant, but not dangerous for human life disease.
Pityriasis versicolor (versicolor versicolor) is a skin disease that occurs when the yeast-like fungus Pityrosporum orbiculare (Malassezia furfur) reproduces in the horny layer of the epidermis. The causative agent of the disease is an opportunistic fungus that is found in 90% of people on the scalp, upper torso and in the folds of the skin.
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by damage to the connective tissue and blood vessels and, as a result, involvement of almost all organs and body systems in the pathological process. In the development of systemic lupus erythematosus a certain role is played by hormonal disorders, in particular, an increase in the amount of estrogen.
Defeat scaly, multi-colored, colored - these are all the names of the same skin disease caused by fungi of the yeast genus. These microorganisms are classified as opportunistic, they can be present on the skin of healthy people, without causing them any concern. But under certain conditions (excessive sweating, chronic diseases, hormonal imbalance, etc.
Ingrown nail is a common problem for many people. It is a disease in which the nail does not grow into a finger or hand. In medicine, this disease is called "oniocryptosis." This is a very unpleasant phenomenon, firstly, because of severe pain, and secondly, because of a completely unaesthetic appearance. Nail ingrowth often occurs on the big toe, although there are cases with the rest of the nails, but extremely rarely.